Thursday, August 2, 2012

Martintown in Edgefield District, South Carolina

    Charles Martin (d. 1808 Abbeville District, SC) lived in Edgefield District, SC from the mid-1780s until the early 1800s. During that time another Martin family lived in Edgefield District a few miles away from Charles's plantation on Horns Creek. This other family was the Martins of Martintown. I haven't found anything showing that Charles Martin was related to the Martin's of Martintown in my research, but I must admit I haven't fully explored that.
     The History of Edgefield County From the Earliest Settlements to 1897 by John A. Chapman had this to say about the Martins of Martintown:

  The Martin family, of Martintown, in Edgefield County, were prominent, brave, active, and energetic Whigs during the Revolution, but as Martintown has long since gone to decay, and as the family, from whom the name was derived, is almost or quite extinct in Edgefield, it might please the reader of this book to find here a few items of the family history.
     I am indebted to the Honorable John Martin, United States Senator from Kansas, for the following information:
     The Martin family was of Scotch-Irish origin. The family emigrated from the North of Ireland somewhere towards the close of the sixteenth century (should be I think seventeenth) and settled originally in Caroline County, Virginia. The family was a large one, there being seven sons and one daughter. The names of the sons were: Abram, John, George, William, Matthew, Barclay, and Edmund. The daughter's name was Letty. They resided in Virginia for many years, and finally scattered to Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Ohio, and South Carolina.
     The head of the South Carolina branch of the family, Abram Martin, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, in the year 1708, and there grew to manhood and married Miss Elizabeth Marshall, of Caroline County, who was said to be a niece of the father of John Marshall, afterwards Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Soon after his marriage he moved to South Carolina and located in Edgefield District and there lived and died.
      He had eight sons, as follows: William Martin, James Martin, John Martin, George Martin, Barclay Martin, Edmund Martin, Marshall Martin, Matt Martin, and one daughter, Letty Martin.
      Of these children, William, the eldest, married Miss Grace Waring and left three children, Robert, Elizabeth, and William. He was captain of artillery and was killed at the siege of Augusta. It was this Mrs.Martin who, in conjunction with Mrs. Barclay Martin, born Rachel Clay, captured the British courier with dispatches while on his way from Augusta to Ninety-Six, as elsewhere related.
     The third son, John Martin, was an officer during the Revolution, Brigadier after the war, and served several years in the Legislature.
     He was married three times and left many children, one of whom was Judge W. D. Martin, of whom something has already been written.
     John Martin died in Abbeville District in 1813.
  While searching for newspaper articles about "my" Martins, I found this advertisement regarding the sale of Martintown on page 3 of the February 19, 1813 edition of the Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle. It gives a nice description of "Martin-Town".
     I think it is interesting to see what constituted a "town" in Edgefield District in 1813!